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Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

Gum disease is an infection in the tissues that support and surround your teeth. Gum disease is usually painless, so you may not know you have it. Sometimes referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by sticky bacteria called plaque.

Here are some warning signs that can signal a problem:
• gums that bleed easily.
• red, swollen, tender gums.
• any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
• persistent bad breath or bad taste.
• gums that have pulled away from the teeth.
• permanent teeth that are loose or separating.
• any change in the fit of partial dentures.

Many factors including smoking, pregnancy, and diabetes increase the chance of developing gum disease. The sooner you treat it, the better.

Gingivitis is gum disease in it's early stages.

With gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is reversible and may be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.

Advanced gum disease is known as periodontitis.

Periodontitis can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth. If it becomes worse, your teeth will feel loose and start moving around in your mouth.

Aggressive periodontitis is highly destructive. Common symptoms include rapid loss of tissue and bone in some areas of the mouth, or in the entire mouth. Some studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with other health conditions such as diabetes or stroke.

Gum Disease is Preventable

Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. The treatment methods that proposes will depend on how far the condition has progressed. Good dental care at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring.

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